Bipolar Nebulae


This project has three major objectives: 1) To determine the physico-chemical characteristics of bipolar planetary nebulae and symbiotic nebulae, to help understanding the origin of bipolarity and to test theoretical models, mainly models with binary central stars, aimed at explaining the observed morphology and kinematics. 2) To study the low-ionization microstructures in planetary nebulae, their origin (in the context of the main shell formation), their physico-chemical characteristics, and their interaction with the nebular gas. 3) To discover and study galactic and extragalactic planetary nebulae, analyzing their physico-chemical properties and the metallicity gradients along the galactic discs.

Principal investigator
Project manager
Project staff
J. Drew - University of Hertfordshire
R. Greimel - University of Graz- Institute of Physics
M. Santander García - Observatorio Astronomico Nacional Madrid
D.R. Gonçalves - Observatorio do Valongo
U. Munari - Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica
L. Sabin - Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
T. Liimets - Tartu Observatoorium
B. Balick - University of Washington
L. Magrini - Università di Firenze
R. Wesson - European Southern Observatory
Henri Boffin - European Southern Observatory
T. Hillwig - Valparaiso University
B. Miszalski - Southern African Large Telescope

Miszalski, B and collaborators (2016, MNRAS, 456, 633) re-discovered a dwarf nova system, an eruption of which was first observed by ancient Chinese astronomers in the year 483 CE. Hillwig, T and collaborators (2016, ApJ, 832, 125) demonstrated that the symmetry axes of planetary nebulae with binary central stars always lie perpendicular to the orbital plane of the central binaries. The probability of encountering such a tight correlation by chance is less than a million to one.

Publications related

  • The UV-Excess survey of the northern Galactic plane

    The UV-Excess survey of the northern Galactic plane images a 10° × 185° wide band, centred on the Galactic equator using the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope in four bands (I5875) down to ~21-22 mag ( in I5875). The setup and data reduction procedures are described. Simulations of the colours of main-sequence stars, giant, supergiants, DA and DB white

    Groot, Paul J. et al.

    Advertised on:

  • Low-ionization pairs of knots in planetary nebulae: physical properties and excitation

    We obtained optical long-slit spectra of four planetary nebulae (PNe) with low-ionization pair of knots, namely He 1-1, IC 2149, KjPn 8 and NGC 7662. These data allow us to derive the physical parameters and excitation of the pairs of knots, and those of higher ionization inner components of the nebulae, separately. Our results are as follows. (1)

    Gonçalves, D. R. et al.

    Advertised on:

  • The IPHAS catalogue of Hα emission-line sources in the northern Galactic plane

    We present a catalogue of point-source Hα emission-line objects selected from the INT/WFC Photometric Hα Survey (IPHAS) of the northern Galactic plane. The catalogue covers the magnitude range 13 13) emission-line objects than were previously known in the Milky Way.

    Witham, A. R. et al.

    Advertised on:


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