Observations of [OI]63-=μm line emission in main-sequence galaxies at z ∼ 1.5

Wagg, J.; Aravena, M.; Brisbin, D.; Valtchanov, I.; Carilli, C.; Daddi, E.; Dannerbauer, H.; Decarli, R.; Díaz-Santos, T.; Riechers, D. et al.
Bibliographical reference

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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We present Herschel-PACS spectroscopy of four main-sequence star-forming galaxies at z ∼ 1.5. We detect [OI]63-=μm line emission in BzK-21000 at z = 1.5213, and measure a line luminosity, $L_{\rm [O\, {\small I}]63\, \mu m} = (3.9\pm 0.7)\times 10^9$ -=L☉. Our PDR modelling of the interstellar medium in BzK-21000 suggests a UV radiation field strength, G ∼ 320G0, and gas density, n ∼ 1800-=cm-3, consistent with previous LVG modelling of the molecular CO line excitation. The other three targets in our sample are individually undetected in these data, and we perform a spectral stacking analysis which yields a detection of their average emission and an [O-=I]63-=μm line luminosity, $L_{\rm [O\, {\small I}]63\, \mu m} = (1.1\pm 0.2)\times 10^9$ -=L☉. We find that the implied luminosity ratio, $L_{\rm [O\, {\small I}]63\, \mu m}/L_{\rm IR}$ , of the undetected BzK-selected star-forming galaxies broadly agrees with that of low-redshift star-forming galaxies, while BzK-21000 has a similar ratio to that of a dusty star-forming galaxy at z ∼ 6. The high [O-=I]63-=μm line luminosities observed in BzK-21000 and the z ∼ 1-3 dusty and sub-mm luminous star-forming galaxies may be associated with extended reservoirs of low density, cool neutral gas.