The TESS Grand Unified Hot Jupiter Survey. II. Twenty New Giant Planets

Yee, Samuel W.; Winn, Joshua N.; Hartman, Joel D.; Bouma, Luke G.; Zhou, George; Quinn, Samuel N.; Latham, David W.; Bieryla, Allyson; Rodriguez, Joseph E.; Collins, Karen A.; Alfaro, Owen; Barkaoui, Khalid; Beard, Corey; Belinski, Alexander A.; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Benni, Paul; Bernacki, Krzysztof; Boyle, Andrew W.; Butler, R. Paul; Caldwell, Douglas A.; Chontos, Ashley; Christiansen, Jessie L.; Ciardi, David R.; Collins, Kevin I.; Conti, Dennis M.; Crane, Jeffrey D.; Daylan, Tansu; Dressing, Courtney D.; Eastman, Jason D.; Essack, Zahra; Evans, Phil; Everett, Mark E.; Fajardo-Acosta, Sergio; Forés-Toribio, Raquel; Furlan, Elise; Ghachoui, Mourad; Gillon, Michaël; Hellier, Coel; Helm, Ian; Howard, Andrew W.; Howell, Steve B.; Isaacson, Howard; Jehin, Emmanuel; Jenkins, Jon M.; Jensen, Eric L. N.; Kielkopf, John F.; Laloum, Didier; Leonhardes-Barboza, Naunet; Lewin, Pablo; Logsdon, Sarah E.; Lubin, Jack; Lund, Michael B.; MacDougall, Mason G.; Mann, Andrew W.; Maslennikova, Natalia A.; Massey, Bob; McLeod, Kim K.; Muñoz, Jose A.; Newman, Patrick; Orlov, Valeri; Plavchan, Peter; Popowicz, Adam; Pozuelos, Francisco J.; Pritchard, Tyler A.; Radford, Don J.; Reefe, Michael; Ricker, George R.; Rudat, Alexander; Safonov, Boris S.; Schwarz, Richard P.; Schweiker, Heidi; Scott, Nicholas J.; Seager, S.; Shectman, Stephen A.; Stockdale, Chris; Tan, Thiam-Guan; Teske, Johanna K.; Thomas, Neil B.; Timmermans, Mathilde; Vanderspek, Roland; Vermilion, David; Watanabe, David; Weiss, Lauren M.; West, Richard G.; Van Zandt, Judah; Zejmo, Michal; Ziegler, Carl
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NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission promises to improve our understanding of hot Jupiters by providing an all-sky, magnitude-limited sample of transiting hot Jupiters suitable for population studies. Assembling such a sample requires confirming hundreds of planet candidates with additional follow-up observations. Here we present 20 hot Jupiters that were detected using TESS data and confirmed to be planets through photometric, spectroscopic, and imaging observations coordinated by the TESS Follow-up Observing Program. These 20 planets have orbital periods shorter than 7 days and orbit relatively bright FGK stars (10.9 < G < 13.0). Most of the planets are comparable in mass to Jupiter, although there are four planets with masses less than that of Saturn. TOI-3976b, the longest-period planet in our sample (P = 6.6 days), may be on a moderately eccentric orbit (e = 0.18 ± 0.06), while observations of the other targets are consistent with them being on circular orbits. We measured the projected stellar obliquity of TOI-1937A b, a hot Jupiter on a 22.4 hr orbit with the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect, finding the planet's orbit to be well aligned with the stellar spin axis (∣λ∣ = 4.°0 ± 3.°5). We also investigated the possibility that TOI-1937 is a member of the NGC 2516 open cluster but ultimately found the evidence for cluster membership to be ambiguous. These objects are part of a larger effort to build a complete sample of hot Jupiters to be used for future demographic and detailed characterization work. *This paper includes data gathered with the 6.5 m Magellan Telescopes located at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile