Ad orientem: Las iglesias románicas del Camino Francés en los reinos de Castilla y León bajo la perspectiva de la Astronomía Cultural*Ad orientem: Romanesque Churches of the French Way in the kingdoms of Castile and Leon from a Cultural Astronomy perspect

Belmonte, J. A.; Urrutia-Aparicio, M.; César González-García, A.
Bibliographical reference

ARQUEOLOGÍA DE LA ARQUITECTURA, 18, 2021, e122

Advertised on:
12
2021
Description
RESUMEN: En este trabajo se examina, desde la perspectiva de la Astronomía Cultural, si las iglesias románicas del Camino de Santiago siguen un patrón de orientación común a todas ellas. Para ello, se ha obtenido la orientación Ambos reinos comparten orientaciones hacia la salida del sol el domingo de Pascua, probablemente obtenidas en su mayoría mediante observación directa del sol sobre el horizonte, aunque León presenta una fuerte preferencia por el equinoccio eclesiástico del 21 de marzo, que no aparece en Castilla. También se han analizado las iglesias pertenecientes al Camino y una muestra de contraste en cada reino, lo que ha permitido extraer información relevante sobre las iglesias construidas en lugares concretos como Santiago de Compostela, la Ribeira Sacra, Sahagún o la Montaña Palentina. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ABSTRACT: This paper examines whether the Romanesque churches of the Way of Saint James or Camino de Santiago follow a common orientation pattern from the perspective of Cultural Astronomy. In order to do so, the orientation of 191 Romanesque churches in the former kingdoms of Leon and Castile has been obtained and a comparative study has been carried out. Both kingdoms share the orientation toward the sunrise on Easter Sunday, probably obtained by direct observation of the Sun ov er the horizon. However, Leon shows a strong preference for the ec-clesiastical equinox of March 21, which does not appear in Castile. Churches belonging to the Way and a contrast sample at each kingdom have been also compared, providing relevant information about some churches built at specific places such as Santiago de Compostela, Ribeira Sacra, Sahagún or the Montaña Palentina
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