Determination of temperatures and angular diameters of 114 F-M stars using the infrared flux method (IRFM)

Blackwell, D. E.; Petford, A. D.; Arribas, S.; Haddock, D. J.; Selby, M. J.
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Astronomy and Astrophysics (ISSN 0004-6361), vol. 232, no. 2, June 1990, p. 396-410.

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Temperatures and angular diameters are derived for 114 F-M stars using the infrared flux (IRFM) method and initially both the Vega flux calibrations of Dreiling and Bell (DB), and of Mountain et al. (1985). The DB calibration gives a significantly smaller variation of temperature with wavelength (0.10%) than the Mountain one (1.59%), and we adopt the DB one for the final results. Apart from a few substantial deviations, the temperatures agree well (standard deviation 0.12%), for overlapping stars with the adopted temperatures of Bell and Gustafsson using synthetic colours. Plots of temperature against V-Kn, where Kn is a narrow band filter in the K region, show a mean standard deviation in temperature of 0.46%. It is suggested that the temperatures have an order of accuracy of better than 1 %, but the accuracy is critically dependent on that of the infrared calibration of Vega, which remains uncertain. The possibility of using IRFM angular diameters as a method of detecting unresolved binary stars is discussed.