A method to deconvolve stellar profiles. The non-rotating line utilizing Gaussian sum approximation

Escárate, P.; Curé, M.; Araya, I.; Coronel, M.; Cedeño, A. L.; Celedon, L.; Cavieres, J.; Agüero, J. C.; Arcos, C.; Cidale, L. S.; Levenhagen, R. S.; Pezoa, R.; Simón-Díaz, S.
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Astronomy and Astrophysics

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Context. Currently, one of the standard procedures used to determine stellar and wind parameters of massive stars involves to comparing the observed spectral lines with a grid of synthetic lines. These synthetic lines are calculated using non-local thermodynamic equilibrium radiative transfer codes. In this standard procedure, after estimating the stellar-projected rotational speed (v sin i), all synthetic models need to be convolved using this value in order to perform the comparison with the observed line and estimate the stellar parameters.
Aims: In this work, we propose a methodology to deconvolve the observed line profile to one from a non-rotating star. Thus, to perform a comparison, we will not need to convolve all the synthetic profiles, saving significant time and resources.
Methods: The proposed deconvolution method is based on transforming this inverse problem into an optimization of a direct problem. We propose using a Gaussian sum approximation (GSA) to obtain the line profile without the broadening effect due to stellar rotation. After selecting the most adequate model to derive the fundamental GSA parameters, we convolved it with the known v sin i in order to obtain the profile considering the v sin i. Finally, we compared this approximated line profile directly with the observed spectrum.
Results: The performance of the proposed method is analyzed using synthetic and observed lines. The results show that the proposed deconvolution method yields accurate non-rotating profiles.
Conclusions: The proposed approach utilizing GSA is an accurate method to deconvolve spectral lines.
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Simón Díaz