The mechanical design process of a specific astrophysical instrument begins with the generation of the technical specifications of its mechanical systems. Next, we go through the stages of conceptual design, preliminary and detailed design, with the help of specialized software for 3D design and finite elements analysis and calculation. This allows to complete the set of mechanical characteristics, geometry, materials, treatments, finishes, etc., to be used in the different subsystems, as well as the tolerances assigned to each of them, in order to generate the manufacturing drawings and specifications. Subsequently it is necessary to follow up the manufacture of the components and, after dimensional verification, it is undertaken the assembly, integration and final verification of the different subsystems as well as the global system, both in the laboratory and in the telescope. The mechanical engineering team of the IAC already has numerous examples of scientific instrumentation whose structures, mechanisms and opto-mechanical systems have been designed, manufactured and verified in their facilities.
The Mechanical Integration and Verification Laboratory provides the basic and specific infrastructures needed for the development and integration of the medium-sized mechanical systems developed at the Technology Division.
In the Dimensional Metrology Laboratory it is verified that the manufactured parts meet the required design specifications.
The Mechanics Workshop main purpose is the manufacture, measurement and assembly of mechanical parts.