Assessing the Stellar Population and the Environment of an H II Region on the Far Side of the Galaxy

Chené, André-Nicolas; Benjamin, Robert A.; Ramírez-Alegría, Sebastian; Borissova, Jura; Kurtev, Radostin; Moni Bidin, Christian; Mauro, Francesco; Lucas, Phil; Guo, Zhen; Smith, Leigh C.; Gonzalez-Fernandez, Carlos; Ivanov, Valentin D.; Minniti, Dante; Anderson, Loren. D.; Armentrout, William. P.; Gonzalez, Danilo; Herrero, Artemio; Peña Ramírez, Karla
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The Astrophysical Journal

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We have investigated the stellar and interstellar content of the distant star formation region IRAS 17591-2228 (WISE H II region GAL 007.47+0.06). It is associated with a water maser, whose parallax distance is $d={20.4}_{-2.2}^{+2.8}$ kpc, supported by independent measurements of proper motion and radial velocity. It is projected in the same direction as an extremely red (J-KS ∼ 6 mag) group of stars, and a shell of mid-infrared emission. We qualify the group of stars as a cluster candidate, VVV CL177. Its radius spans between 0'45 and 1' and contains at least two young stellar objects with an extreme extinction near ${A}_{{\rm{V}}}\sim 40$ mag. Yet more analysis will be required to determine if it is a real single cluster associated with the water maser. The 13CO emissions at the radial velocity of the maser corresponds to the mid-infrared emission. * Refers As VVV CL177.
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