An infrared view of AGN feedback in a type-2 quasar: the case of the Teacup galaxy

Ramos Almeida, C.; Bessiere, P. S.; Villar-Martín, M.; Piqueras López, J.
Bibliographical reference

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 470, Issue 1, p.964-976

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We present near-infrared integral field spectroscopy data obtained with Very Large Telescope/Spectrograph for INtegral Field Observations in the Near Infrared (SINFONI) of `the Teacup galaxy'. The nuclear K-band (1.95-2.45 μm) spectrum of this radio-quiet type-2 quasar reveals a blueshifted broad component of FWHM ˜ 1600-1800 km s-1 in the hydrogen recombination lines (Pa α, Br δ and Br γ) and also in the coronal line [Si vi] λ1.963 μm. Thus, the data confirm the presence of the nuclear ionized outflow previously detected in the optical range and reveal its coronal counterpart. Both the ionized and coronal nuclear outflows are resolved, with seeing-deconvolved full widths at half-maximum of 1.1 ± 0.1 and 0.9 ± 0.1 kpc along position angle (PA) ˜ 72°-74°. This orientation is almost coincident with the radio axis (PA = 77°), suggesting that the radio jet could have triggered the nuclear outflow. In the case of the H2 lines, we do not require a broad component to reproduce the profiles, but the narrow lines are blueshifted by ˜50 km s-1 on average from the galaxy systemic velocity. This could be an indication of the presence of a nuclear molecular outflow, although the bulk of the H2 emission in the inner ˜2 arcsec (˜3 kpc) of the galaxy follows a rotation pattern. We find evidence for kinematically disrupted gas (FWHM > 250 km s-1) at up to 5.6 kpc from the AGN, which can be naturally explained by the action of the outflow. The narrow component of [Si vi] is redshifted with respect to the systemic velocity, unlike any other emission line in the K-band spectrum. This indicates that the region where the coronal lines are produced is not cospatial with the narrow-line region.
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Combined image of the active galaxy NGC 5643 from ALMA and VLT/MUSE data. The galaxy’s central region has two distinct components: a spiraling, rotating disc (in red) of cold molecular gas traced by carbon monoxide (CO), and the outflowing gas, traced by ionised oxygen and hydrogen (in blue-orange hues) perpendicular to the nuclear disc. Credit: ESO/A. Alonso-Herrero et al.; ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO).
Nuclear Activity in Galaxies: a 3D Perspective from the Nucleus to the Outskirts

This project consists of two main research lines. First, the study of quasar-driven outflows in luminous and nearby obscured active galactic nuclei (AGN) and the impact that they have on their massive host galaxies (AGN feedback). To do so, we have obtained Gran Telescopio CANARIAS (GTC) infrared and optical observations with the instruments

Cristina Diosco
Ramos Almeida