Detection of Anomalous Microwave Emission in the Perseus Molecular Cloud with the COSMOSOMAS Experiment

Watson, R. A.; Rebolo, R.; Rubiño-Martín, J. A.; Hildebrandt, S.; Gutiérrez, C. M.; Fernández-Cerezo, S.; Hoyland, R. J.; Battistelli, E. S.
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The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 624, Issue 2, pp. L89-L92.

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We present direct evidence for anomalous microwave emission in the Perseus molecular cloud, which shows a clear rising spectrum from 11 to 17 GHz in the data from the COSMOSOMAS experiment. By extending the frequency coverage using W ilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe maps convolved with the COSMOSOMAS scanning pattern, we reveal a peak flux density of 42+/-4 Jy at 22 GHz integrated over an extended area of 1.65d ×1.0d centered on R.A.=55.4d+/-0.1d and decl.=+31.8d+/-0.1d (J2000). The flux density that we measure at this frequency is nearly an order of magnitude higher than can be explained in terms of normal Galactic emission processes (synchrotron, free-free, and thermal dust). An extended IRAS dust feature, G159.6-18.5, is found near this position, and no bright unresolved source that could be an ultracompact H II region or gigahertz-peaked source could be found. An adequate fit for the spectral density distribution can be achieved from 10 to 50 GHz by including a very significant contribution from electric dipole emission from small spinning dust grains.