Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 488, Issue 1, p.1320-1331
Nigoche-Netro, A.; Ramos-Larios, G.; Lagos, P.; de la Fuente, E.; Ruelas-Mayorga, A.; Mendez-Abreu, J.; Kemp, S. N.; Diaz, R. J.
We study the behaviour of the dynamical and stellar mass inside the effective radius of early-type galaxies (ETGs) as a function of environment considering Newtonian dynamics, different surface-brightness profiles, different initial mass functions (IMF), and different redshift ranges. We use several samples of ETGs - ranging from 19 000 to 98 000 objects - from the ninth data release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We assume that any difference between the dynamical and stellar mass is due to dark matter and/or a non-universal IMF. The main results, considering samples in the redshift range 0.0024 ≤ z ≤ 0.35, are as follows: (i) the amount of dark matter inside ETGs depends on the environment; (ii) ETGs in low-density environments span a wider dark matter range than ETGs in dense environments; (iii) the amount of dark matter inside ETGs in the most dense environments will be less than approximately 55-75 per cent of the dynamical mass; (iv) the accurate value of this upper limit depends on the impact of the IMF on the stellar mass estimation; (v) in the case of an ETG sample which is approximately complete for log(MVirial/MSun) > 10.5 and in the redshift range 0.04 ≤ z ≤ 0.08, we find that the amount of dark matter in the most dense environments will be less than approximately 60-65 per cent of the dynamical mass.