Catalogue of open clusters with physical parameters from the Gaia mission

Call year
Nicolas Cédric
Financial institution
Amount granted to the IAC Consortium
64.250,00 €

Open clusters are groups of stars, from a few hundreds to several thousands of stars, which have formed from the same molecular cloud. They represent very important entities in our Galaxy to understand star formation and evolution because their members share similar distance, age and metallicity. This year our group has studied four of the closest open clusters to the Sun with the aim of reviewing the census of their members and to produce the first three-dimensional (3D) maps of their positions in space thanks to the data provided by the Gaia space mission.

The scientific objective of this proposal is to identify the complete census and produce three-dimensional maps of the members of the about 100 clusters within 500 pc from the Sun and younger than 1 Gyr. The production of the three-dimensional maps uses a Bayesian code with Monte-Carlo simulations to determine the membership of the objects from the very precise astrometry and kinematics provided by the Gaia mission. The first phase of the project will consist of improving our code by upgrading its parallelisation and increasing its speed.

The second part will consist of running our code on supercomputers at the IAC on the ~100 clusters of the sample before proceeding to the scientific analysis of their physical parameters. The code with the membership catalogues and three-dimensional maps will be made available to the community after publication.

Once the census of these clusters has been completed, and thanks to the all-sky light curves being provided by the TESS satellite we will carry out a photometric survey of the cluster members, which will enable us to investigate their magnetic activity, determine their rotation periods and identify eclipsing and spectroscopic binaries. These investigations are fundamental to understand the relationship between stellar activity and rotation as a function of age and to contrast the parameters of binaries predicted by stellar evolution models. These surveys and and 3-D maps will advance our understanding of phenomena such as star formation and evolution, cluster formation and evaporation, stellar evolution models and tidal forces in our Galaxy.

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