Evidence for a high-z ISW signal from supervoids in the distribution of eBOSS quasars

Kovács, A.; Beck, R.; Smith, A.; Rácz, G.; Csabai, I.; Szapudi, I.
Bibliographical reference

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Advertised on:
Number of authors
IAC number of authors
Refereed citations
The late-time integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) imprint of $R\gtrsim 100~h^{-1}\, \mathrm{Mpc}$ superstructures is sourced by evolving large-scale potentials due to a dominant dark energy component in the ΛCDM model. The aspect that makes the ISW effect distinctly interesting is the repeated observation of stronger-than-expected imprints from supervoids at z ≲ 0.9. Here we analyse the un-probed key redshift range 0.8 < z < 2.2 where the ISW signal is expected to fade in ΛCDM, due to a weakening dark energy component, and eventually become consistent with zero in the matter dominated epoch. On the contrary, alternative cosmological models, proposed to explain the excess low-z ISW signals, predicted a sign-change in the ISW effect at z ≍ 1.5 due to the possible growth of large-scale potentials that is absent in the standard model. To discriminate, we estimated the high-z ΛCDM ISW signal using the Millennium XXL mock catalogue, and compared it to our measurements from about 800 supervoids identified in the eBOSS DR16 quasar catalogue. At 0.8 < z < 1.2, we found an excess ISW signal with AISW ≍ 3.6 ± 2.1 amplitude. The signal is then consistent with the ΛCDM expectation (AISW = 1) at 1.2 < z < 1.5 where the standard and alternative models predict similar amplitudes. Most interestingly, we also observed an opposite-sign ISW signal at 1.5 < z < 2.2 that is in 2.7σ tension with the ΛCDM prediction. Taken at face value, these recurring hints for ISW anomalies suggest an alternative growth rate of structure in low-density environments at $\sim 100~h^{-1}\, \mathrm{Mpc}$ scales.
Related projects
 The Invisible Scaffolding of Space
Cosmology with Large Scale Structure Probes
The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) contains the statistical information about the early seeds of the structure formation in our Universe. Its natural counterpart in the local universe is the distribution of galaxies that arises as a result of gravitational growth of those primordial and small density fluctuations. The characterization of the