Constraining the Redshift Evolution of the Cosmic Microwave Background Blackbody Temperature with PLANCK Data.

de Martino, I.; Génova-Santos, R.; Atrio-Barandela, F.; Ebeling, H.; Kashlinsky, A.; Kocevski, D.; Martins, C. J. A. P.
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The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 808, Issue 2, article id. 128, 10 pp. (2015).

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We constrain the deviation of adiabatic evolution of the universe using the data on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature anisotropies measured by the Planck satellite and a sample of 481 X-ray selected clusters with spectroscopically measured redshifts. To avoid antenna beam effects, we bring all of the maps to the same resolution. We use a CMB template to subtract the cosmological signal while preserving the Thermal Sunyaev–Zeldovich (TSZ) anisotropies; next, we remove galactic foreground emissions around each cluster and we mask out all known point sources. If the CMB blackbody temperature scales with redshift as T{(z)={T}0(1+z)}1-α , we constrain deviations of adiabatic evolution to be α = ‑0.007 ± 0.013, consistent with the temperature-redshift relation of the standard cosmological model. This result could suffer from a potential bias δα associated with the CMB template. We quantify it to be | δ α | ≤slant 0.02, with the same sign as the measured value of α. Our result is free from those biases associated with using TSZ selected clusters; it represents the best constraint to date of the temperature-redshift relation of the Big Bang model using only CMB data, confirming previous results.
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