Anisotropy of the Cosmic Microwave Background

Start year
1986
Organizational Unit
Description

The general goal of this project is to determine and characterize the spatial and spectral variations in the temperature and polarisation of the Cosmic Microwave Background in angular scales from several arcminutes to several degrees. The primordial matter density fluctuations which originated the structure in the matter distribution of the present Universe, left imprinted inhomogeneities in the CMB temperature distribution, that are mathematically encoded in the so-called angular power spectrum. Initially, pioneering experiments like the COBE satellite (whose results deserved the Nobel Prize on Physics 2006) or the Tenerife CMB experiment demonstrated in the 90s that the level of anisotropy was about one part in a hundred thousands at angular scales of several degrees. Obtaining CMB maps at various frequencies with sufficient sensitivity to detect structures at this level is of fundamental importance to extract information on the power spectrum of primordial density fluctuations, to prove the existence of an inflationary period in the Early Universe and to establish the ultimate nature of the dark matter and dark energy. Recently, the WMAP satellite obtained CMB maps with unprecedented sensitivity that allowed to set restrictions on a large number of cosmological parameters.

The focus of this project is to undertake measurements at gradually higher angular resolutions and sensitivities, by using different experiments that have been operative from the Teide Observatory, like the Tenerife experiment, the IAC-Bartol experiment or the JBO-IAC interferometer. More recently, the Very Small Array interferometer performed observations between 1999 and 2008. At that time the COSMOSOMAS experiment was also operative, its goal having been not only the characterization of the primary CMB anisotropies but also the study and characterization of the Galactic foreground contamination. In more recent years the activity in this project has focused in the scientific exploitation of data from the Planck satellite, and in the development, operation and exploitation of the QUIJOTE experiment. Now that the Planck mission has been completed and finished, the activity is focused in the scientific exploitation of QUIJOTE, in the development of new instrumentation for QUIJOTE, and in in the development of new experiments that are being deployed or that will be deployed at the Teide Observatory: GroundBRID, STRIP, KISS and TMS.

Principal investigator
Project staff
Collaborators
Dr.
Fernando Atrio Barandela
Dr.
Enrique Martínez González
Dr.
Carlos Hernández Monteagudo
  1. 6-7 june: XV QUIJOTE Scientific Meeting (IFCA, Santander)
  2. July: publication of the final results (12 articles) and data from the Planck satellite.
  3. 15-19 october: "CMB foregrounds for B-mode studies" conference, organised within the Radioforegrounds proyect, IV AME workshop, and XVI QUIJOTE Scientific Meeting (all these eventes were celebrated at the IAC)
  4. October: installation of the dome of the GroundBIRD experiment, at the Teide Observatory.
  5. December: aceptation of the third QUIJOTE scientific article (Poidevin et al. 2019)

Publications related

  • Planck early results. XXIV. Dust in the diffuse interstellar medium and the Galactic halo

    This paper presents the first results from a comparison of Planck dust maps at 353, 545 and 857GHz, along with IRAS data at 3000 (100 μm) and 5000GHz (60 μm), with Green Bank Telescope 21-cm observations of Hi in 14 fields covering more than 800 deg2 at high Galactic latitude. The main goal of this study is to estimate the far-infrared to sub

    Planck Collaboration et al.

    Advertised on:

    12
    2011
  • Optical spectroscopy of V1123 Tauri and its visual companion

    We present long-slit intermediate resolution spectroscopy of the visual binary V1123. We confirm that component A is a W UMa eclipsing star with spectral type G0V, while component B is a K0V. We infer a distance to the system of 125 pc, and then a projected separation between both components of 520 AU. The difference in radial velocities of

    Gutiérrez, Carlos M.

    Advertised on:

    2
    2009
  • A Search for near Infrared Bands of the Fullerene Cation C_{60}^+ in the Protoplanetary Nebula IRAS 01005+7910

    IRAS 01005+7910 is a carbon-rich protoplanetary nebula with a recently reported detection of mid-IR vibrational transitions of the fullerene C60 by Zhang and Kwok. We present new high spectral resolution (R ~ 57, 000) observations of this object obtained at the 3.6 m Telescopio Nazionale Galileo, showing the presence of two absorption bands at 9577

    Iglesias-Groth, S. et al.

    Advertised on:

    10
    2013

Talks related

No related talks were found.

Conferences related

  • XIX Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics "The Cosmic Microwave | Background: from quantum fluctuations to the present Universe"

    Tenerife, Canary Islands
    Spain
    Date
    -
    Past
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