Formation and Evolution of Galaxies: Observations in Infrared and other Wavelengths

    General
    Description

    This IAC research group carries out several extragalactic projects in different spectral ranges, using space as well as ground-based telescopes, to study the cosmological evolution of galaxies and the origin of nuclear activity in active galaxies. The group is a member of the international consortium which built the SPIRE instrument for the Herschel Space Observatory and of the European consortium which is developing the SAFARI instrument for the infrared space telescope SPICA of the space agencies ESA and JAXA.

    The main projects in 2018 were:

    a) High-redshift galaxies and quasars with far-infrared emission discovered with the Herschel Space Observatory in the HerMES and Herschel-ATLAS Key Projects.

    b) Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV: BELLS GALLERY galaxies and very luminous Lyman alpha emitting galaxies.

    c) Participation in the development of the SAFARI instrument, one of the European contributions to the SPICA infrared space telescope.

    d) Discovery of the most distant individual star ever observed, in one of the fields of the "HST Frontier Fields".

    e) Search for supernovae in distant, gravitationally lensed galaxies.

    f) Several studies with GTC of absorption line systems in the line of sight to red quasars.

    Principal investigator
    Project staff
    Dr.
    Stefan Geier
    Collaborators
    Herschel SPIRE, HerMES, Herschel-ATLAS, SPICA, SAFARI, BELLS GALLERY, SERVS, DEEPDRILL, SDSS-IV y SHARDS Frontier Fields
    1. Marques-Chaves et al. (2018) present a study of the submillimeter galaxy HLock01 at z = 2.9574, one of the brightest gravitationally lensed sources discovered in the Herschel Multi-tiered Extragalactic Survey. Detailed analysis of the high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) rest-frame UV GTC OSIRIS spectrum shows complex kinematics of the gas.
    2. Rigopoulou et al. (2018) using new, Herschel spectroscopic observations of key far-infrared fine structure lines of the z 3 galaxy HLSW-01 derive gas-phase metallicities and find that the metallicities of z 3 submm-luminous galaxies are consistent with solar metallicities and that they appear to follow the mass–metallicity relation expected for z 3 systems.
    3. Cornachione et al. (2018) present a morphological study of 17 lensed Lyα emitter (LAE) galaxies of the BELLS GALLERY sample. The analysis combines the magnification effect of strong galaxy–galaxy lensing with the high resolution of the Hubble Space Telescope to achieve a physical resolution of ~80 pc for this 2 < z < 3 LAE sample.
    4. Oteo et al. (2018) report the identification of an extreme protocluster of galaxies in the early universe whose core (nicknamed Distant Red Core, DRC, because of its very red color in Herschel SPIRE bands) is formed by at least 10 dusty star-forming galaxies (DSFGs), spectroscopically confirmed to lie at z = 4.002 via detection of emission lines with ALMA and ATCA.
    5. Kelly et al. (2018) report the discovery of an individual star, Icarus, at redshift z = 1.49 magnified by more than × 2,000 by gravitational lensing of the galaxy cluster MACS J1149+222. Icarus is located in a spiral galaxy that is so far from Earth that its light has taken 9000 million years to reach the Earth.

    Related publications

    • Properties of slowly rotating asteroids from the Convex Inversion Thermophysical Model

      Context. Recent results for asteroid rotation periods from the TESS mission showed how strongly previous studies have underestimated the number of slow rotators, revealing the importance of studying those targets. For most slowly rotating asteroids (those with P > 12 h), no spin and shape model is available because of observation selection effects

      Marciniak, A. et al.

      Advertised on:

      10
      2021
    • Preparing for LSST data. Estimating the physical properties of z &lt; 2.5 main-sequence galaxies

      Aims: We study how the upcoming Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST) data from the Vera C. Rubin Observatory can be employed to constrain the physical properties of normal star-forming galaxies (main-sequence galaxies). Because the majority of the observed LSST objects will have no auxiliary data, we use simulated LSST data and existing real

      Riccio, G. et al.

      Advertised on:

      9
      2021
    • The UV-brightest Lyman continuum emitting star-forming galaxy

      We report the discovery of J0121+0025, an extremely luminous and young star-forming galaxy (MUV = -24.11, log[$L_{\rm Ly \alpha } / \rm erg~s^{-1}] = 43.8$) at z = 3.244 showing copious Lyman continuum (LyC) leakage ($f_{\rm esc, abs} \approx 40{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$). High signal-to-noise ratio rest-frame UV spectroscopy with the Gran Telescopio

      Marques-Chaves, R. et al.

      Advertised on:

      10
      2021
    • Exploring nine simultaneously occurring transients on April 12th 1950

      Nine point sources appeared within half an hour on a region within ∼? 10 arcmin of a red-sensitive photographic plate taken in April 1950 as part of the historic Palomar Sky Survey. All nine sources are absent on both previous and later photographic images, and absent in modern surveys with CCD detectors which go several magnitudes deeper. We

      Villarroel, Beatriz et al.

      Advertised on:

      0
      2021
    • The GADOT Galaxy Survey: Dense Gas and Feedback in Herschel-selected Starburst Galaxies at Redshifts 2 to 6

      We report the detection of 23 OH+ 1 → 0 absorption, emission, or P-Cygni-shaped lines and CO(J = 9→8) emission lines in 18 Herschel-selected z = 2-6 starburst galaxies with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array and the NOrthern Extended Millimeter Array, taken as part of the Gas And Dust Over cosmic Time Galaxy Survey. We find that the

      Riechers, Dominik A. et al.

      Advertised on:

      6
      2021
    • Activity of the Jupiter co-orbital comet P/2019 LD<SUB>2</SUB> (ATLAS) observed with OSIRIS at the 10.4 m GTC

      Context. The existence of comets with heliocentric orbital periods close to that of Jupiter (i.e., co-orbitals) has been known for some time. Comet 295P/LINEAR (2002 AR2) is a well-known quasi-satellite of Jupiter. However, their orbits are not long-term stable, and they may eventually experience flybys with Jupiter at very close range, close

      Licandro, J. et al.

      Advertised on:

      6
      2021
    • Detection of spectral variations of Anomalous Microwave Emission with QUIJOTE and C-BASS

      Anomalous Microwave Emission (AME) is a significant component of Galactic diffuse emission in the frequency range 10- $60\, \mathrm{GHz}$ and a new window into the properties of sub-nanometre-sized grains in the interstellar medium. We investigate the morphology of AME in the ≍10○ diameter λ Orionis ring by combining intensity data from the QUIJOTE

      Cepeda-Arroita, R. et al.

      Advertised on:

      5
      2021
    • Detection of an ionized gas outflow in the extreme UV-luminous star-forming galaxy BOSS-EUVLG1 at z = 2.47

      BOSS-EUVLG1 is the most ultraviolet (UV) and Lyα luminous galaxy to be going through a very active starburst phase detected thus far in the Universe. It is forming stars at a rate of 955 ± 118 M⊙ yr‒1. We report the detection of a broad Hα component carrying 25% of the total Hα flux. The broad Hα line traces a fast and massive ionized gas outflow

      Álvarez-Márquez, J. et al.

      Advertised on:

      3
      2021
    • A hyperluminous obscured quasar at a redshift of z ≍ 4.3

      In this work we report the discovery of the hyperluminous galaxy HELP_J100156.75 + 022344.7 at a photometric redshift of $z$ ≍ 4.3. The galaxy was discovered in the Cosmological Evolution Survey (COSMOS) field, one of the fields studied by the Herschel Extragalactic Legacy Project (HELP). We present the spectral energy distribution (SED) of the

      Efstathiou, Andreas et al.

      Advertised on:

      5
      2021
    • 28-40 GHz variability and polarimetry of bright compact sources in the QUIJOTE cosmological fields

      We observed 51 sources in the Q-U-I JOint TEnerife (QUIJOTE) cosmological fields that were brighter than 1 Jy at 30 GHz in the Planck Point Source Catalogue (version 1), with the Very Large Array at 28-40 GHz, in order to characterize their high-radio-frequency variability and polarization properties. We find a roughly lognormal distribution of

      Perrott, Yvette C. et al.

      Advertised on:

      4
      2021
    • Probing the existence of a rich galaxy overdensity at z = 5.2

      We report the results of a pilot spectroscopic program of a region at z = 5.2 in the GOODS-N field containing an overdensity of galaxies around the well-known submillimetre galaxy (SMG) HDF850.1. We have selected candidate cluster members from the optical 25 medium-band photometric catalogue of the project SHARDS (Survey for High-z Absorption Red

      Calvi, Rosa et al.

      Advertised on:

      4
      2021
    • Close-up view of a luminous star-forming galaxy at z = 2.95

      Exploiting the sensitivity of the IRAM NOrthern Extended Millimeter Array (NOEMA) and its ability to process large instantaneous bandwidths, we have studied the morphology and other properties of the molecular gas and dust in the star forming galaxy, H-ATLAS J131611.5+281219 (HerBS-89a), at z = 2.95. High angular resolution (0.″3) images reveal a

      Berta, S. et al.

      Advertised on:

      2
      2021
    • Rise of the Titans: Gas Excitation and Feedback in a Binary Hyperluminous Dusty Starburst Galaxy at z ∼ 6

      We report new observations toward the hyperluminous dusty starbursting major merger ADFS-27 (z = 5.655), using the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) and the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). We detect CO (J = 2 → 1), CO (J = 8 → 7), CO (J = 9 → 8), CO (J = 10 → 9), and H2O (312 → 221) emission, and a P Cygni-shaped OH+ (11

      Riechers, Dominik A. et al.

      Advertised on:

      2
      2021
    • PSR B0656+14: the unified outlook from the infrared to X-rays

      We report detection of PSR B0656+14 with the Gran Telescopio Canarias in narrow optical F657, F754, F802, and F902 and near-infrared JHKs bands. The pulsar detection in the Ks band extends its spectrum to 2.2 $\mu$ m and confirms its flux increase towards the infrared. We also present a thorough analysis of the optical spectrum obtained by us with

      Zharikov, S. et al.

      Advertised on:

      4
      2021
    • First survey of phase curves of V-type asteroids

      The V-type asteroids are of major scientific interest as they may sample multiple differentiated planetesimals. Determination of their physical properties is crucial for understanding the diversity and multiplicity of planetesimals. Previous studies have suggested distinct polarimetric behaviours for the V-type asteroids. Similarly to phase

      Oszkiewicz, Dagmara et al.

      Advertised on:

      3
      2021
    • A Spitzer survey of Deep Drilling Fields to be targeted by the Vera C. Rubin Observatory Legacy Survey of Space and Time

      The Vera C. Rubin Observatory Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST) will observe several Deep Drilling Fields (DDFs) to a greater depth and with a more rapid cadence than the main survey. In this paper, we describe the 'DeepDrill' survey, which used the Spitzer Space Telescope Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) to observe three of the four currently

      Lacy, M. et al.

      Advertised on:

      2
      2021
    • Tracing the evolution of dust-obscured activity using sub-millimetre galaxy populations from STUDIES and AS2UDS

      We analyse the physical properties of 121 SNR ≥ 5 sub-millimetre galaxies (SMGs) from the STUDIES 450 μm survey. We model their UV-to-radio spectral energy distributions using MAGPHYS+photo-z and compare the results to similar modelling of 850 μm-selected SMG sample from AS2UDS, to understand the fundamental physical differences between the two

      Dudzevičiūtė, U. et al.

      Advertised on:

      1
      2021
    • Spectroscopic classification of a complete sample of astrometrically-selected quasar candidates using Gaia DR2

      Here we explore the efficiency and fidelity of a purely astrometric selection of quasars as point sources with zero proper motions in the Gaia data release 2 (DR2). We have built a complete candidate sample including 104 Gaia-DR2 point sources, which are brighter than 20th magnitude in the Gaia G-band within one degree of the north Galactic pole

      Heintz, K. E. et al.

      Advertised on:

      12
      2020
    • Magnetism Science with the Square Kilometre Array

      The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will answer fundamental questions about the origin, evolution, properties, and influence of magnetic fields throughout the Universe. Magnetic fields can illuminate and influence phenomena as diverse as star formation, galactic dynamics, fast radio bursts, active galactic nuclei, large-scale structure, and Dark

      Bracco, Andrea et al.

      Advertised on:

      7
      2020
    • Spin rates of V-type asteroids

      Context. Basaltic V-type asteroids play a crucial role in studies of Solar System evolution and planetesimal formation. Comprehensive studies of their physical, dynamical, and statistical properties provide insight into these processes. Thanks to wide surveys, currently there are numerous known V-type and putative V-type asteroids, allowing a

      Oszkiewicz, Dagmara et al.

      Advertised on:

      11
      2020

    Related talks

    No related talks were found.

    Related conferences

    No related conferences were found.